Tech News Review Week 18-24 August 2020, by Stelios Iordanis

Bacteria can defuse dangerous chemicals in Passaic River | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/ru-bcd081920.php

Bacteria that can help dissolve highly toxic dioxins in sediments in the Passaic River – a hazardous waste site – could eventually aid cleanup efforts at other dioxin-contaminated sites.

These bacteria can curb dissipated contamination, where solutions like dredging are not sufficient.

 

Machine learning, meet human emotions: How to help a computer monitor your mental state | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/sios-mlm081920.php

A brain-computer interface is a link between a human brain and a machine that can allow users to control various devices, such as robot arms or a wheelchair, by brain activity only (these are called active BCIs) or can monitor the mental state or emotions of a user and categorize them (these are passive BCIs). The underlying software can lead to smarter brain-computer interfaces for applications in medicine and beyond.

 

LSU Health New Orleans team creates a better tool to aid COVID diagnosis | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/lsuh-lhn081920.php

This project focused on the visualization of the lung damage in the 3D models as compared to previous methods that have been published – volume-rendered models and straight 2D screenshots of CT scans and radiographs.

This method is more challenging and time-consuming, but results are more accurate and present a detailed anatomical model where the layers can be pulled apart, and volumes quantified.

 

Unleashing the immune system’s ‘STING’ against cancer | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/sri-uti082020.php

STING (short for STimulator of INterferon Genes) protects the immune system against viral and cancerous threats and, because of its role in promoting antitumor immunity, and is viewed as very promising in pharmaceutical R&D.

This breakthrough could lead to safe and effective drugs that could activate STING and suppress a wide range of cancers.

 

Stanford scientists slow and steer light with resonant nanoantennas | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/su-sss082020.php

The applications of this discovery have quantum mechanical applications for manipulating quantum entangled light.

 

Exoskeleton research marches forward with NIST study on fit | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/nios-erm082020.php

Exoskeleton R&D results are showing remarkable progress every month, and although they appear quite exotic, they will become omnipresent in the military, industrial and medical applications.

 

These Robots Can Store Energy in “Fat Reserves,” Like Humans

https://futurism.com/biomorphic-batteries-fat-reserves-robots

At the moment, these energy sources maintain high capacity for about 100 charge cycles, much more inferior than lithium-ion counterparts. However, replacing them would not be relatively cheap, and recyclable.

 

Latest COVID-19 Theory That SARS-CoV-2 Had Been Subjected To Serial Passaging Enhancement Processes-Fake News And Misinformation Or Plausible? – Thailand Medical News

https://www.thailandmedical.news/news/latest-covid-19-theory-that-sars-cov-2-had-been-subjected-to-serial-passaging-enhancement-processes-fake-news-and-misinformation-or-plausible

Serial passaging could allow microbiology laboratories to develop novel viruses to come up with genetically mutated organisms that appear to have emerged randomly by natural selection.

 

Florida Is Releasing Almost a Billion Gene-Hacked Mosquitoes

https://futurism.com/florida-releasing-billion-genetically-modified-mosquitoes

Previous trials using mutated mosquitoes have shown success in killing off populations, reducing as many as 95 percent of them during a trial in a Brazilian city.

Although GMOs are a very controversial solution, spraying insecticides has shown to have its own environmental impact and high costs and low efficacy.

 

Scientists Observe “Time Crystals” Interacting With Each Other

https://futurism.com/scientists-observe-time-crystals-interacting-with-each-other

These strange structures will be investigated whether they could be applied in the field of quantum information processing.

 

Facebook Only Catches 16 Percent of Medical Misinformation Posts

https://futurism.com/the-byte/facebook-catches-16-percent-medical-misinformation

Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing exhibition mediocre performance, in real-world (i.e. chaotic) situations where facts need to be checked.

 

https://futurism.com/blue-origin-full-scale-prototype-moon-lander

Smartphones can tell when you’re drunk by analyzing your walk | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2020-08/joso-sct081120.php#.XztzZn6lA8I.wordpress

In the near future, sensors will be scanning humans in all kinds of situations and detecting anomalous behavior or law violations of any degree, to the point that breaking the law will be nearly impossible to remain unpunished.

 

An AI Just Beat a Human F-16 Pilot In a Dogfight — Again – Defense One

https://www.defenseone.com/technology/2020/08/ai-just-beat-human-f-16-pilot-dogfight-again/167872/

The takeover of AI in modern warfare will start as human-machine symbiosis optimizing human performance and gradually replace humans completely within 10 to 20 years.

 

Researchers develop a novel process for structuring quantum materials

https://phys.org/news/2019-07-quantum-materials.html

“Majoranas” are promising “quasiparticles” that can be used in topological insulators and superconductors in order to enable robust quantum computing.

 

/ The University of Newcastle, Australia

https://www.newcastle.edu.au/newsroom/featured/the-clever-electronic-inks-rewriting-our-energy-future

Ten of these printers operating 24h could print enough material to deliver power to 1000 homes per day, rendering previous investments in solar energy obsolete.

 

Groundbreaking new material ‘could allow artificial intelligence to merge with the human brain’ | The Independent

https://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/artificial-intelligence-brain-computer-cyborg-elon-musk-neuralink-a9673261.html

The polymers described in the article could also be used to help sense or treat brain or nervous system disorders, while versions could theoretically attach peptides, antibodies, and DNA for revolutionary therapies.

 

AutoSweep project page

https://chenxin.tech/files/Paper/TVCG2018_AutoSweep/AutoSweep.html

This paper presents a fully automatic framework for extracting editable 3D objects directly from a single photograph. The algorithm can capture high-quality 3D models and outperforms existing methods in both instance segmentation and 3D reconstruction; thus boosting computer vision capabilities to unprecedented levels in autonomous driving or robots in real-world settings.

 

OpenAI Text and Program Generator #GPT3 – NextBigFuture.com

https://www.nextbigfuture.com/2020/08/openai-text-and-program-generator-gpt3.html

elyase/awesome-gpt3

https://github.com/elyase/awesome-gpt3

Some of the first achievements of gpt3 are:

  • Automatic Excel functionalities
  • a recipe generator
  • a layout generator (translates natural language to JSX) for automated web development
  • a search engine
  • GPT-3 code generation for a machine learning model, only by describing the dataset and required output with human language. This could be the foundations of no-code AI.
  • Python code generation and explanation of functions