Tech News Review Week 23-29 March 2021, by Stelios Iordanis

Biotech

 

Instant ‘Vaccine-in-a-Box’ is DARPA’s Solution to A Future Viral Outbreak – The Debrief

https://thedebrief.org/instant-vaccine-in-a-box-is-darpas-solution-to-a-future-viral-outbreak/

This is a “rapid, mobile medical manufacturing platform for producing, formulating, and packaging DNA and/or RNA-based vaccines and therapeutics for use in stabilization and humanitarian operations, and to better prepare deployed, field-forward forces against bio-threat attacks and emerging infectious disease.” It definitely makes a lot of sense and could turn out to be the definitive solution for the covid pandemic.

 

Researchers Found a Way to Send Tiny Robots Into Mouse Brains

https://gizmodo.com/researchers-found-a-way-to-send-tiny-robots-into-mouse-1846544741

The research has obvious applications for ophthalmological research and medical treatments, not just for the blood-brain barrier but for other dense tissues in the body as well.

 

Protein Discovery in the Development of New Hearing Hair Cells Could Lead to Treatments for Hearing Loss

https://scitechdaily.com/protein-discovery-in-the-development-of-new-hearing-hair-cells-could-lead-to-treatments-for-hearing-loss/

Research groups in the field are now testing these proteins to assess whether they can be applied as a drug “cocktail” to regenerate lost hair cells and reverse hearing loss.

 

Researchers use machine learning to rank cancer drugs in order of efficacy | EurekAlert! Science News

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2021-03/qmuo-rum032321.php

Machine learning analysis of data derived from the study of proteins expressed in cancer cells has produced ML models trained on the responses of these cells to over 400 drugs, thus predicting the optimal drug to treat a given cancer model.

 

AI used in the battle against asbestos-linked cancer

https://medicalxpress.com/news/2021-03-ai-asbestos-linked-cancer.html

Abestos health damages is a crime against humanity that still kills peoples worldwide and it is clear that cancer could only be defeated by leveraging the analytical and predictive capabilities of Machine Learning.

 

The biofuel that could help us achieve net zero

https://techxplore.com/news/2021-03-grass-biofuel-net.html

A higher biomass yield in flooded conditions supported the use of Miscanthus in flood-prone marginal land with several competitive advantages, such as low chemical and mechanical input, enhanced water-use efficiency and high carbon storage capacity. Biofuels have been a controversial subject up to now when food crops are being used as feedstock for green energy production, but this approach does not have any of these issues.

 

Machine Learning

Programming Language Converts Laws Into ‘Provably Correct’ Computer Code | Discover Magazine

https://www.discovermagazine.com/technology/programming-language-converts-laws-into-provably-correct-computer-code#rssowlmlink

Catala language formalizations of statutes could be used for formal analysis of the law, enabling legal drafting, interpretation, simplification and comparison.

The human factor is still needed, as the process of translating statutes into Catala language is a labour-intensive process and cooperation between legal experts and computer programmers.

 

Google Brain Introduces Symbolic Programming + PyGlove Library to Reformulate AutoML | by Synced | Feb, 2021 | Medium

https://medium.com/@Synced/google-brain-introduces-symbolic-programming-pyglove-library-to-reformulate-automl-bde1d60cb8f6

PyGlove enables Symbolic Programming for Automated Machine Learning and thus reformulates the program logic for AutoML as an automated process for manipulating ML programs symbolically. Areas, where it is intended to be applied, are medicine design and video surveillance, and many others could be envisaged, as well.

 

AI Could Enable ‘Swarm Warfare’ for Tomorrow’s Fighter Jets | WIRED

https://www.wired.com/story/ai-enable-swarm-warfare-fighter-jets/

ML algorithms learned how to react and perform aerial manoeuvres by testing different approaches thousands of times and seeing which work best.

EpiSci’s system does not rely only on reinforcement learning and neural networks but also has handwritten rules built-in.

An algorithm even learned through thousands of simulated missions how to direct the radar in order to identify enemy missile systems on the ground.

 

After AIs mastered Go and Super Mario, scientists have taught them how to ‘play’ experiments at NSLS-II

https://techxplore.com/news/2021-03-ais-mastered-super-mario-scientists.html

The progress made in ML by reaching superhuman performance in complex games has synergies in research areas such as batteries, microelectronics, and drug development and help scientists come up with new inventions.

 

Computing

Mojo Vision Will Power Its Smart Contact Lens With An External Compute Pack

https://www.forbes.com/sites/johnkoetsier/2021/03/21/mojo-vision-will-power-its-smart-contact-lens-with-an-external-compute-pack/?sh=f6f799a5bc74

This new type of ‘invisible computing’  will be hanging around the neck will communicate with the lens, and that relay accessory has an application processor, GPU, batteries, and storage and streaming content to the eyes and pulling sensor data off the eyes to compute the next frame of information within milliseconds, to make the whole experience super interactive and live; vision correction will be the first use case.

 

How new technology is changing the clothing industry

https://www.fastcompany.com/90614443/future-of-clothing-manufacturing

Planned obsolescence is very widespread in the garment industry, however, this technology can treat clothes that would make them waterproof, sweat-resistant, and longer-lasting while it can even be applied to end the problem of single-use masks ending up in landfills and oceans.

 

Samsung develops DDR5 memory modules with 512 GB capacity, up to 7200 Mb / s

https://techbeezer.com/samsung-develops-ddr5-memory-modules-with-512-gb-capacity-up-to-7200-mb-s/

Intel’s Raja Koduri teases ‘Petaflops in your palm’ – Graphics – News – HEXUS.net

https://hexus.net/tech/news/graphics/147595-intels-raja-koduri-teases-petaflops-palm/

These new DDR5 memory modules, and GPUs are targeted at AI / ML, exascale hyper-data processing, analysis, networking and other data-intensive workloads.